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    Blacko Primary School

    Early Reading & Phonics

    At Blacko Primary School, we put English at the centre of every child’s learning.  We recognise the significance of language, communication, reading and writing in all aspects of life, from developing independent learning skills to successfully entering the world of work.  We place high-quality texts at the heart of our curriculum and encourage children to develop their love of reading through our Reading for Pleasure initiatives.  Experiential learning opportunities and a vocabulary-rich learning environment feed directly into children’s writing outcomes.

    The overarching aims of our English curriculum are to:

    • Develop strong oracy skills that allow children to express themselves, communicating confidently across a range of contexts.
    • Enable children to read fluently, widely and often, understanding a wide range of texts appropriate for their age.
    • Enable children to draft, edit and present writing that is both technically proficient and creative, tailored to the demands of purpose and audience.
    • Enable children to have a solid understanding of grammar and be able to spell new words by effectively applying the spelling patterns and rules they learn throughout their time in primary school.
    • Encourage confidence and enjoyment in speaking, listening, reading and writing. 

    Underpinning our English curriculum are some core principles:

    • Consciously builds on children’s existing language and literacy experiences.
    • Recognises the importance of all those involved in the learning experience – parents and carers, wider family members, teachers and children.
    • Values diversity and is culturally inclusive.
    • Has high expectations of all children.
    • Values and promotes critical enquiry.
    • Offers challenge but provides models, demonstrations, examples and scaffolds to help children tackle them successfully. 

    All aspects of our English curriculum are interrelated, and progress in one area is supported by development in each of the others. At Blacko Primary, we acknowledge the strong reciprocal relationship between speaking, listening, reading and writing.

    At Blacko Primary School we believe that all pupils can achieve in Reading, both for pleasure and in their comprehension and understanding. We do not put ceilings on what pupils can achieve and we do not hold pre-conceptions about any pupils’ ability to make progress. We believe through reading, pupils will have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. We feel that reading enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know.


    Our Phonics Curriculum comes from the Department for Education Letters and Sounds in conjunction with Little Wandle

    In Early Years and Key Stage 1, early word reading is taught through a systematic synthetic phonics programme (Little Wandle) which has been carefully designed to best meet the needs of the children at Blacko.  Children in Reception will be taught through pacey and engaging, direct, daily teaching sessions and will begin to learn a defined group of grapheme-phoneme correspondences.

    Alongside this, the children are taught how to read printed words by identifying and blending individual phonemes from left to right all through the word, as well as the skill of segmenting spoken words into their constituent phonemes for spelling.   The children are also taught to decode and spell common exception words (‘tricky words’).  As the children progress through Year 1 and 2, they move from simple to more complex phonic knowledge and skills.

    The texts and books the children are asked to read are composed almost entirely of words made up of grapheme-phoneme correspondences that a child has learned up to that point, apart from a small number of common exception words. 

    As part of the programme, the children are taught how to form lower-case and capital letters correctly with clear start and finish points.  To support this, we use mnemonic phrases to help the children build a mind picture of the letter formation.  The children are then taught to write words made up of the learned grapheme-phoneme correspondences and then simple sentences composed from these words, as well as any common exception words learned.

    Clear progression and assessment criteria enable teaching staff to monitor the children’s progress closely, and we use the Little Wandle structured interventions, alongside Precision Teaching tools to ensure any child in danger of falling behind is able to keep up and catch up.  Children with specific learning or speech and language difficulties are supported by the Special Educational Needs co-ordinator.

    Alongside this, we develop children’s knowledge and understanding of ‘concepts about print’.  Developing print awareness or concepts about print is understanding that print is organised in a particular way — for example, knowing that print is read from left to right and top to bottom. It is knowing that words consist of letters and that spaces appear between words

    Daily phonics lessons in Reception and Year 1
    • We teach phonics for 30 minutes a day. In Reception, we build from 10-minute lessons, with additional daily oral blending games, to the full-length lesson as quickly as possible. Each Friday, we review the week’s teaching to help children become fluent readers.

    • Children make a strong start in Reception: teaching begins in Week 2 of the Autumn term. · We follow the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised expectations of progress:

      • Children in Reception are taught to read and spell words using Phase 2 and 3 GPCs, and words with adjacent consonants (Phase 4) with fluency and accuracy.
      • Children in Year 1 review Phase 3 and 4 and are taught to read and spell words using Phase 5 GPCs with fluency and accuracy.
    Daily Keep-up lessons ensure every child learns to read
    • Any child who needs additional practice has daily Keep-up support, taught by a fully trained adult. Keep-up lessons match the structure of class teaching, and use the same procedures, resources and mantras, but in smaller steps with more repetition, so that every child secures their learning.

    • Timetabled daily phonics lessons for any child in Year 2 or 3 who are not fully fluent at reading or have not passed the Phonics Screening Check. These children urgently need to catch up, so the gap between themselves and their peers does not widen. We use the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessments to identify the gaps in their phonic knowledge and teach to these using the Keep-up resources – at pace.

    • If any child in Year 3 to 6 has gaps in their phonic knowledge when reading or writing, we plan phonics ‘catch-up’ lessons to address specific reading/writing gaps. These short, sharp lessons last 10 minutes and take place at least three times a week.


    Early Reading

    At Blacko, we value reading as a crucial life skill. By the time children leave us, they read confidently for meaning and regularly enjoy reading for pleasure. Our readers are equipped with the tools to tackle unfamiliar vocabulary. We encourage our children to see themselves as readers for both pleasure and purpose.

    Because we believe teaching every child to read is so important, we have an Early Reading lead who drives the early reading programme in our school. This person is highly skilled at teaching phonics and reading, and they monitor and support our reading team, so everyone teaches with fidelity to the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised programme.

    Teaching early reading

    We teach children to read through reading practice sessions three times a week:

    • are taught by a fully trained adult to small groups of approximately six children.
    • use books matched to the children's secure phonic knowledge using the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessments and book matching grids on pages 11-20 of 'Application of phonics to reading'.
    • are monitored by the class teacher, who rotates and works with each group on a regular basis.
    • Each reading practice session has a clear focus, so that the demands of the session do not overload the children’s working memory. The reading practice sessions have been designed to focus on three key reading skills:
      • decoding.
      • prosody: teaching children to read with understanding and expression.
      • comprehension: teaching children to understand the text. 
    • In Reception these sessions start in Week 3. Children who are not yet decoding have daily additional blending practice in small groups, so that they quickly learn to blend and can begin to read books.
    • In Year 2 and 3, we continue to teach reading in this way for any children who still need to practise reading with decodable books.


    Home reading

    The decodable reading practice book is taken home to ensure success is shared with the family.

    • Reading for pleasure books also go home for parents to share and read to children.

    • We use the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised parents’ resources to engage our families and share information about phonics, the benefits of sharing books, how children learn to blend and other aspects of our provision, both online and through workshops.


    Additional reading support for vulnerable children

     Children in Reception and Year 1 who are receiving additional phonics Keep-up sessions read their reading practice book to an adult daily. 


    Ensuring consistency and pace of progress 

    Every teacher in our school has been trained to teach reading, so we have the same expectations of progress. We all use the same language, routines and resources to teach children to read so that we lower children’s cognitive load.

    Weekly content grids map each element of new learning to each day, week and term for the duration of the programme.

    Lesson templates, Prompt cards and How to videos ensure teachers all have a consistent approach and structure for each lesson.

    The Phonics Leader, Reading Leader and SLT use the Audit and Prompt cards to regularly monitor and observe teaching; they use the summative data to identify children who need additional support and gaps in learning.


    Ensuring reading for pleasure

    ‘Reading for pleasure is the single most important indicator of a child’s success.’ (OECD 2002)

    ‘The will influences the skill and vice versa.’ (OECD 2010)

    We value reading for pleasure highly and work hard as a school to grow our Reading for Pleasure pedagogy.

    • We read to children every day. We choose these books carefully as we want children to experience a wide range of books, including books that reflect the children at Laneshaw Bridge  and our local community as well as books that open windows into other worlds and cultures.
    • Every classroom has an inviting book corner that encourages a love for reading. We curate these books and talk about them to entice children to read a wide range of books.
    • In Reception, children have access to the reading corner every day in their free flow time and the books are continually refreshed.
    • As the children progress through the school, they are encouraged to write their own comments and keep a list of the books/authors that they have read.
    • The school library is made available for classes to use at protected times. Classes use a booking system to take out books each week. Children across the school have regular opportunities to engage with a wide range of Reading for Pleasure events (author visits and workshops, national events etc).



    Assessment is used to monitor progress and to identify any child needing additional support as soon as they need it. 

    • Assessment for learning is used:

      • daily within class to identify children needing Keep-up support.
      • weekly in the Review lesson to assess gaps, address these immediately and secure fluency of GPCs, words and spellings.
    • Summative assessment is used:
      • every six weeks to assess progress, to identify gaps in learning that need to be addressed, to identify any children needing additional support and to plan the Keep-up support that they need.
      • by Phonics Leader and scrutinised through the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessment tracker, to narrow attainment gaps between different groups of children and so that any additional support for teachers can be put into place.
    • Statutory assessment:
      • Children in Year 1 sit the Phonics Screening Check. Any child not passing the check re-sits it in Year 2.
    • Ongoing assessment for catch-up:
      • Children in Year 2 to 6 are assessed through their teacher’s ongoing formative assessment as well as through the half-termly Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised summative assessments


    Further information and Support at Home

    Please see phonics curriculum together with guides.  Other useful phonics videos can be found below:

    Parent Support for Phonics: Little Wandle Phonics Support Resources and Videos

    How we teach: Little Wandle Videos for Parents

    Reading at Home and Reading Books: Support and Videos for Parents

    Learning Nursery Rhymes: Videos for Parents and at Home

    Learning Nursery Rhymes: Resources and Downliads for Parents


    Please see our downloads below for further support at home: